Judge

Development of Judicial Power Reforms

judgeReform is an effort to enhance or improve the situation we want or expect, in this case towards the improvement of judicial power. The word progress means change, while the changes may mean progress orimprovements we want / expect or just the opposite can mean a setback, even irregularities or fraud that we do not want.

so it is meant with the development or progress of reform does not rule out the possibility that in development, which was originally intended as a reform, improvement or repair, in reality it is (consciously or unconsciously) to deviate from what we want or expect.

Judge as the perpetrators of judicial power should be subject to the legislation. In examining and dropping decisions judges must judge according to the law, must not violate the law. Judges should be subject to the legislation. The establishment of any law or statute itself is great influence on the behavior of judges, because judges have to judge according to the law and must not violate the law.

Judicial power is the power of the state to conduct an independent judiciary to uphold law and justice. Therefore, the principle of justice between the others is the surveillance in the form of legal remedy.

A final decision the judge (judicial decision) should be definitive, complete and not raise doubts, the judge must be true (res judicata pro veretate habetur), which means not easily altered or repaired, except with the remedy. The verdict is abstinence to be withdrawn.

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Independence of Judges vs Seeking Justice

Judges use more practical reason is closely connected with the background of each judge concerned. Moreover, in practice, many judges in deciding cases liberty is always influenced by some of the attributes that has always been its terms of reference, among others, the judge cannot just stick to the principle of legality alone (homo yuridicus), because it must also underlie the ethical principle or moral virtue (homo ethics) and other virtues such as primacy theological (homo religious).

Moderate understanding of the independence of judges is, if a judge in the hearing and deciding a case, free in exploring, follow and understand the legal values that live in the community, and free from all external influences that could alter beliefs about its sense of justice.

Independence of judges should not be construed freedom without limits, by accentuating the arrogant attitude of authority (arrogance of power) to manipulate these freedoms to justify the means.

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Judges Code of Ethics

Judges has great powers of the parties with respect to any problems or conflicts that faced the judge. Judge in carrying out their duties fully bear a great responsibility, because the judge’s decision could result very away the lives of affected people reach the decision. Decisions of judges are not fair even being burned into the inner concerned throughout his life. Professional ethics should be judges in handling cases including the following:

1. In taking the decision, the judge must be independent and free from any side effects, including from the government to resolve the conflict impartially based on the law.

2. Judges have to choose and determine the relevant facts and choose the rules of law which would be the basis to resolve the case at hand.

3. The judge must assess objectively (unbiased)

Details of the nature of the judge, namely:

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